PETROLEUM: THE BLACK GOLD

(Petróleo: O Ouro Negro)

Mostra da Coleção / Show of Colletion

Atualizada em / modernized in: 21/VIII/2014

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- Index: 1

1. INTRODUCTION: 2

2. GEOLOGICAL ORIGIN AND GEOGRAPHY: 3

2.1. Theories about the origin of petroleum: 4

2.2. Where petroleum can be found: 5 - 6

3. USES OF HYDROCARBONS

3.1. In ancient times: 7

3.2. In Pre-Colombian:

3.3. Pharmaceuticals & cosmetics: 8

3.4. Illumination: 9

3.5. Combustible: 10

3.6. For military purposes: 11

4. PROSPECTING AND PERFORATION

4.1. Preliminary studies: 12 - 13 - 14

4.2. Sources of research & technologies to locate oil:

4.3. Perforation - early experiences: 15

4.4. Onshore drilling: 16 - 17 - 18

4.5. Offshore drilling: 19 - 20

4.6. Kinds of reservoirs: 21

5. PRODUCTION AND TRANSPORTATION OF OIL AND GAS

5.1. Producing wells: drilling and testing:

5.2. Pumps to draw up: 22

5.3. Oil and gas pipelines: 23 - 24

5.4. Tankers: 25

5.5. Wagon-Tanks: 26

5.6. Distribution: from the refinery to the consumers: 27

5.7. The gas station: 28 - 29

6. PETROLEUM AND PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES:

6.1. Petroleum refining: processes & equipment: 30 - 31 - 32

6.2. Early steps: kerosene production: 33

6.3. Gasoline, motor oils and gas: 34 - 35

6.4. Some other petroleum by-products: 36

6.5. Petrochemical industry and its various products: 37 - 38 - 39

6.6. Industrial safety: 40 - 41 - 42

7. THE ENTERPRISES OF PETROLEUM:

7.1. The coming and rise: 43

7.2. Private companies: 44 - 45 - 46

7.3. National companies: 47 - 48

8. THE PETROLEUM CRISIS AND ITS CONSEQUENCIES

8.1. Political crisis: 49 - 50 51

8.2. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Counties (OPEC): 52

8.3. Energy conservation: 53 - 54 - 55

8.4. Alternative Energy: 56 - 57 - 58 - 59

8.5. Petroleum: environmental aspects and its importance for humanity: 60 - 61 - 62 - 63

9. CONCLUSION: 64


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